A theft conviction has the criminal consequences that were addressed by a different lawyer but also can make it difficult to find employment since it is a crime of dishonesty. I think hiring a lawyer or, if you can't afford a lawyer, using a public defender is the prudent course.
There are no real hard and fast rules about what requires a judge to recuse himself or hereself from a case in our state. Canon 3 subsection 4 of the Code of Judicial Conduct, however, prohibits ex parte communications being initiated or considered by a judicial officer in a pending proceedings. The judge, therefore, should not tell a probation officer outside your presence that you are on a short leash if that judge ishearing your case.
State v. Cloud discourages if not downright prohibits a criminal defesne attorney for predicting to any degree of certainty the chances of success in a criminal case.
If your boyfriend has an alibi that he was incarcerated elsewhere at the time of the offense, it would be dsitinctly possible if that information was presented to the prosecuting authority (by your boyfriend's lawyer) that the prosecutor would move to dismiss the case.
You may need career advice more than you need legal advice. In this tough economy, potential employers can and often are very choosy. There are other potential employers, however, that had their own youthful indiscretions or simply believe people deserve a second chance. I hired a number of people and if they had good references, performed well on an interview, and did well in school it was very easy to overlook some past issue.
Not all employers, by the way do background checks. I think you...
I have seen recently a number of questions on avvo regarding sex offenses. To give a competent answer to most of these questions, including this question, requires more information. Providng that type of information, however, on the internet is probably not a good idea. Considering how serious a charge this is, the principals should be talking fact to face to an attorney.
The court normally prefers people to be represented by counsel and normally will give you some time to find a lawyer. If you are going to hire a lawyer, the court may expect you to have at least scheduled an appointment to meet with an attorney before granting a continuance. Lots of lawyers offer free initial consultations so I would be scheduling an appointment as we speak.
I think most lawyers are uncomfortable answering the question about cost on AVVO partly because different lawyers have different fee arrangements. I would suggest you will be better served getting cost estimates by calling lawyers/law offices directly.
The chances the case can be amended downwards depends on some of the factors you cite--the jurisdiction.court your case is filed out of, your performance on the field sobriety drills, your driving, the negotiation skills/tactics of your lawyer also can influence the plea negotiation process.
Charges have not been filed (but may be filed) by the prosecutor so the case is under investigation or INV. Your friend is being investigated for Theft in the First degree which is a Class B felony and also for Trafficking in Stolen Property--which is knowing the property is stolen, negotiating to trade/sell the stolen property without lawful authority. I hope this helps