Unless my learned colleagues have something to add, I believe it gives you the right to contact your consulate and communicate with your country while you are being subject to the justice system in a foreign country
It may be possible to expedite for very serious humanitarian reasons. If you are experiencing serious medical issues, for example, you may be able to do it. It would require evidence. Merely being pregnant is definitely not enough
Please work with an attorney from this point. It will be much easier, and you don't want to make mistakes. For example, it will take very much longer and be more expensive if she leaves. Because she entered lawfully and is applying as the spouse of a US citizen, she can go it here without leaving even if her current status expires. But! Make sure to have an attorney review the entire history to see if there may be any other issues.
If you entered lawfully, and you are applying to adjust status as the spouse of a citizen, you do not need to leave the U.S. Unless you previously left the U.S. after 6 months or longer unlawful presence, you are not subject to the bar. The bar kicks in when you leave. If you are not subject to the bar, you don't need a waiver. If you leave, you will have a problem. Note, depending on the history, you may be subject to other bars. I urge you to make an appointment to have the entire...
Because you are a citizen and he is your spouse, and he enteref lawfully, you could apply even after his status expires provided he doesn't leave. However, how soon you married after he entered and how soon you apply could be an issue if it was within 60-90 days after his entry. There are so many details with immigration, it's best to talk to a lawyer personally and confidentially
You must obtain a certified court disposition of the case and have an attorney review it before you apply. It is possible that something that is a misdemeanor under the criminal law is considered an aggravated felony by immigration law. It's political; a way for the government to tell the American people they are deporting dangerous criminals when the guy only shoplifted a baseball cap. Get it reviewed.
As the brother of a U.S. citizen (only citizens can petition for brothers and sisters), there is a long waiting line. It is long for everyone, but even longer depending what country you are from. The fact that he is in the U.S. does not change the procedure unless he qualifies under 245(i). He would not have any status or be entitled to work in the U.S. while he was in the waiting line, unless something comes out of immigration reform in Congress. As the law is now, if he didn't qualify...
Great question. Be careful! None and N/A are not the same thing! Your question is a good example. The question certainly is applicable, and the government will consider N/A as not answering. On the other hand, if he does not have one, then none actually is an answer.