Everything can be done here in the US, without you having to leave. Hire the best immigration lawyer money can buy in Chicago. You will need to prove the good faith of both marriages in order to be able to adjust status on your current marriage.
As your mother's petitioner, the law requires that you file an Affidavit of Support on her behalf, regardless of your income or lack thereof. If your income were not to be sufficient, you must then find a co-sponsor to file another affidavit of support in addition to yours. If you want to add your husband's income to yours or it is joint income, you then need to have your husband complete the "contract between sponsor and household member" supplement to Form I-864. The instructions for all...
Hurry up and hire him the best immigration lawyer money can buy, to go in visit him into the ICE detention center where he is headed next, examine his case tombe able to plead any forms of relief he might have. He may be able to bail him out, and plan his deportation defense strategy.
The hearing itself, once your turn arrives, should not take more than 15-20 minutes for a post-decision voluntary departure grant. Realistically speaking after your immigration history, honestly I don't think you'll ever be able to obtain a visitor's visa again. Sorry, but that's the truth as I see it.