At 19 his blood alcohol level can be no more than .01%. That puts your son 9 times over the limit for his age and since he has been charged with a DUI and is not 21, he's facing a mandatory suspension of his driving privilege. Additional information at https://www.dmv.ca.gov/pubs/vctop/d11_5/vc23502.htm
Several approaches. First question is "did the racks fit". While that sounds rather flippant, there is something called a civil compromise where you agree to pay the store for the value of what was taken and the criminal charges kinda go away once they're paid. It is well worth exploring even if they didn't fit. Most of the time there is no jail time for misdemeanors, there's just no room in the jails. You'll be fined, placed on informal probation, which means you don't report to a probation...
Your bail was forfeited and you were found guilty. You'll have to do a walk in, meaning you show up, nice and early or the First Wednesday of the month for night court, and ask to see the judge about being permitted to attend traffic school. If they can, they will send your case in and when called, you simply ask the judge for permission to attend traffic school. Most will permit that.
You've already let this become a judgment and a writ of possession has been issued so your options are as limited as the time you have to address this. Code of Civil Procedure 473(b) is where I'd start. Be sure to read the part where an answer is required as part of your motion. Beyond that, there is no way to distill a law degree and nearly 14 years of experience into 4000 or less characters.
The California Secretary of State Website is what i use to make that determination. It does make a difference if you aren't sure whether the entity is incorporated, or a limited liability company. There are other more expensive methods available that require a public records search, then there's always google
Several possibilities, false information, interfering with investigation. That's her problem not yours. Make the appearance at the arraignment and when you check in or are arraigned, let the bench officer know what happened. He or She will compare the signature no your drivers license with the signature on the citation. If they don't match, the bench officer can dismiss the matter right there or, set a trial and have the citing officer testify as to how he got the information he put on the citation.
Reader's Digest Version: Yes. The complete explanation is that if your landlord used more that $125 of your dollars for repairs, you are entitled to a copy of the receipts as well. He MAY NOT deduct for work he may perform in the future. Your remedy is an action in small claims.
It is my firmly held belief that it would trump your small claims hearing. You could save both of you a trip to the court house by agreeing to dismiss the complaint WITHOUT prejudice and then attend arbitration where you'll have an opportunity to air your position with someone who will actually understand your position.