If you know who this woman is and where she lives, it's more productive to see a local attorney regarding the alleged scam to determine whether you can file a claim against her and get the money back for your mom.
I agree with my colleagues. You will need to review the shareholders agreement and bylaws to determine what your rights are, whether consent is required, and the procedures you must follow. It is wise to consult with an attorney before proceeding.
If you are based in California and are setting up a foreign company, in MOST instances, you will still be required to qualify the company to do business in California and pay California state taxes.
As my colleagues note, there are many reasons to set up an entity outside of California (if you're a CA resident), but to avoid California taxes is definitely not one of them.
Yes, you should definitely speak with an attorney specializing in collections so that they can do a complete review and assessment of your situation. An attorney may also be able to negotiate on your behalf with creditors.
I agree with my colleagues. You should engage a qualified attorney to do a review of the lease and proposed personal guaranty. In addition to advising you on the matters, the attorney may be able to outline other provisions which may be problematic in the future and may also be able to negotiate terms on your behalf . If you have never entered a commercial lease before, having a review and consultation with an attorney is essential.
Yes, you should speak with an attorney regarding the facts of your case and to formulate a course of action. Since there are issues regarding the subordination of the second mortgage (which normally would require the second lender's consent) and the title company's error, an experienced real estate attorney can advise you of your rights and options and assist in the resolution.
My colleague is correct. While the first mortgage lender's only recourse is limited to foreclosing on the house, if there is a second lien on the property, then the second lender may sue you and your daughter personally for the amount of the second mortgage. A loan modification would definitely make sense if your daughter would like to stay in the house, but any lawyer would need more facts in order to be of greater assistance.
Your question doesn't mention whether the loan is secured by real property or personal property. In both instances, I suggest you retain a lawyer or a foreclosure servicing company to manage the foreclosure process all the way through to the actual foreclosure sale and bidding process. There have been a lot of detailed changes in foreclosure law over the past 5 years and missing a critical step can be costly.