Are you in the United States or outside of the U.S. as your question is coming from Newport Beach? If you are outside of the U.S. please follow Mr. Behar's answers. However, if you are in the United States, you can now file for adjustment of status with proof of your husband's U.S. citizenship.
Since your case is pending before EOIR, USCIS does not have jurisdiction over your I-485 application. The matter needs to be presented before the Immigration Judge who will either close your case so you can file your I-485 with USCIS or allow you to file the application in court, if you are eligible to do so. Since your case was referred to the Court, ICE must have considered you to be out of status which could make you ineligible for adjustment of status. For adjustment of status or consular...
Possible Documents to Prove Identity
Valid expired or unexpired passport from your home country with your picture, name,
and date of birth
Valid government-issued photo identification document
Valid birth certificate with photo ID
A visa issued by a foreign consulate
A national ID document with photo and/or fingerprint
You have already received several responses to your question. I would only add that you should make sure to have documentation to prove that you will be returning to Dubai including documents related to your business, family ties and anything else to show your strong residency ties to Dubai.
For all countries except Mexico, for permanent resident spouses, right now they are processing petitions filed on or before March 22, 2013. So it is about a 11/2 to 2 years before the adjustment of status application can be filed.
You cannot file the adjustment of status application right now because you are not a U.S. citizen but you can file the alien relative petition and she can file for H-1B while she waits for her petition to become current. You can also wait until you are a U.S....
You have 30 days from the date of the decision to either file an appeal with the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) or file a motion to reconsider with the immigration court. In most all cases, it is better to file a timely appeal with the BIA for a review of of the decision of the Immigration Judge.
When did you mother file the I-130 application? Because when you entered the U.S. on a F-1 visa you could not have had "immigrant intent." Please consult with an attorney before going to your adjustment of status interview. Once your adjustment of status is approved, you do not need to maintain status as a F-1 student.
Yes, you do need to disclose that you are married to a U.S. citizen. Although H-1B visas are non-immigrant visas, because they allow for "dual intent" meaning you can have immigrant intent when travelling on an H-1B visa, your marital status should not impact your status.