He should NOT use a quit claim deed. You may have problems with marketable title in Texas. He should use a general or special warranty deed. Contact a local attorney to prepare this document for you. It could cost as little as $100 plus filing fee. It is so worth it to have it done correctly up front.
Whose appraised value? Is it from the appraisal district? Independent appraiser? I would spend the money (approximately $500) for a new appraisal if you don't have one from an independent appraiser. He or she will factor in the life estate discount. You may be cheating yourselves because appraisal districts values are notoriously low and/or inaccurate.
You would need to read the documents. See if the apartment will remove the item from your credit. If they refuse, you can place the item in dispute with the three credit repositories: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. They all have websites.
It is against the law because it could be dangerous to her health - especially at this time of year. You will need to work through the appeal and if she doesn't get out then, you can request a writ for forcible removal by the constable or sheriff.
You really need to contact a probate attorney to help you in this matter. He and she can outline your rights and responsibilities as executor. Many legal things need to be done to complete the process and there is a time limit. So sorry for your loss.
No. They go to the actual accounting for the property to calculate capital gains. The "$10 and other good and valuable consideration" is just legalese to satisfy the consideration requirement of the conveyance. If this is your home and you have lived in it for over 2 years, you may be exempt from paying federal captial gains tax if the capital gains is $250,000 or less.
You do with the proper written notice and subsequent failure of landlord to remediate. Here is a link that might be helpful. http://www.michiganlegalaid.org/library_client/resource.2005-05-30.1117489737707 Be sure you send the notice by both certified and regular mail so that you can testify as to mailing and the fact that the notice sent by regular mail wasn't returned.