That's a bummer. You don't realize the importance of uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage until it is too late.
You have an uphill climb ahead of you. You'll have to find this woman and sue her individually. She may be judgment proof and completely without assets making all that work essentially for naught. Good luck.
This may be the strangest fact pattern I've seen here. Have you been sued? If so, you need to consult with an attorney who can best advise you of your options. If you haven't been sued then I would find it difficult for someone to sue you based on ringing their doorbell - unless something is missing from this story. So, if you've been sued please consult a lawyer. If you haven't, I don't believe you should worry about any impending lawsuits (though anything is possible).
You may have a valid workers' compensation claim. The company's negligence isn't a factor as your only recourse is to file a claim with the Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission. If a third party (someone or something different than your employer) was a cause of the accident you may be able to file suit against that person/entity through a third-party suit for personal injury.
You should look into hiring a workers' compensation attorney quickly to get your past Temporary Total...
The problem is that driving is not considered an absolute constitutional right. Challenges to the Supreme Court would bear little fruit. This must be handled by the legislature, as Attorney Goldstein said.
No, but it will have to be done via amending your complaint and adding a defendant in an individual capacity. You'll need leave of court/permission to do that.
Piercing the veil is difficult and requires a good faith basis to be alleged in a pleading. If you're doing this without an attorney make sure you have an adequate basis (there's a lot of information on piercing the veil and its requirements available online) as the court can sanction you for filing an allegation that isn't based in...
The operating agreement is the most important part of an LLC's foundation. It is possible for you to draft your own but ill-advised. There are factors that you may leave out which, upon dissolution or sale, end up hurting you or your partners. I would caution you against drafting your own. Lawyers fees are a cost of doing business. Find one you trust that has reasonable fees.
Be careful in how you go about defending yourself in traffic matters. Traffic laws are very specific, police officers are expert witnesses and it generally requires skillful lawyering in order to prevail.
If you have a clean record you may be better off speaking to the prosecutor/village attorney to see if they'll agree to supervision or dismissal. If you intend to have a hearing be prepared to state a clear reason for why you're not guilty and be prepared to be able to prove whatever facts...