The advantages and disadvantages are too numerous to be fairly addressed here. It will depend on the type of case you have, your financial abilities, the strength of your case and your opponents case, and the good faith that the parties will come to the negotiating table with.
There are two types of ADR: Binding and non-binding. I would never advise a client to submit to binding ADR. Binding Arbitration is normally placed into contracts to give corporate entities a quick way to settle...
This is a Yemen matter. You will not be able to get criminal justice here. You may be able to sue the perpetrator in civil court in the United States. You will have some challenges with witnesses and evidence but you can certainly file a law suit against the United States citizen here in the U.S.
They don't need to read you your rights unless they take you onto custody and interrogate you. Based on the facts you provided there was no Miranda violation since there was custodial interrogation.
I recommend you get yourself a lawyer. A lawyer will be able to negotiate lowering the exposure and minimizing the penalty.
Finally, this is a public site. Even if the cops violated Miranda, your admission here would make that violation harmless because they could use your free admission here.
It is both a criminal and immigration issue. He will have to hire a criminal defense attorney to deal with the warrants. He might be facing jail time for his failure to show. The immigration consequences will be severe also. Having two DUI convictions means that he will not be able to file to adjust his status. He will need an experienced immigration lawyer to handle that issue.
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That may establish an alibi. It doesn't mean you're innocent. It just means your passport was stamped sometime around the time of the alleged crime. You would still have go to trial to present that evidence to show your innocence. The passport alone does not establish innocence. It's only some evidence. The state may drop charges but they may also decide to go to trial if they believe they have strong evidence against you. Defendants frequently have alibis yet find themselves going to trial...