Telling you what forms to complete or how to complete them is legal advice that should only be provided by an attorney with whom you have an attorney-client relationship. Advice given without a full understanding of the facts can have adverse consequences for you and your family.
Under the Adam Walsh Act, certain convictions can bar U.S. citizens from petitioning for their family members. If your income is insufficient for the Affidavit of Support, and if your wife will need an Affidavit of Support, you can use a qualified Joint Sponsor. The petitioning process starts with the I-130 petition but that is only the first step in the process. As your questions show, this is not an easy process and it is important to have competent representation.
There are time and number limits for filing a motion to reopen but there are also exceptions as well, including exceptions relating to a claim for asylum and new evidence. There are requirements that have to be met before an exception will apply, so you should speak to an attorney and not delay in pursuing your case.
To properly evaluate the immigration consequences of a conviction, an attorney needs to review the complete copy of the court records, police reports, and transcripts as well as obtain pertinent information about your immigration history.
The most that can be said now is that it your conviction could make you inadmissible and therefore you could be detained and placed in removal proceedings when you return. But this might not be the case, it would depend on the specific facts of your...
If the USCIS approved the I-130 petition but the consulate has doubts about the bona fides of the marriage, it can be a complicated process to convince the consulate that the marriage is in fact bona fide. The consulate may return the petition to the USCIS for revocation. If the visa petition is revoked, then it would eliminate your marriage as a basis for your husband's immigration to the U.S.
Unlawful presence is a serious concept. Its application can result in bars of 3 or 10 years or a lifetime. This calculation must be performed as accurately as possible after a review of the full set of relevant facts. You need to speak to an attorney right away.
You have to first determine if the priority, or filing, date of the I-130 is current. http://www.aila.org/content/default.aspx?docid=45386. For the family 3rd preference category (married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens), it does not appear that your priority date is current.
You likely have several options available to you. You should speak with an attorney, who can review your paperwork and ask you questions about your immigration history and goals to help you decide what the best course of action is.