Judges will frequently work with defendants who do not have the financial means to pay their fines and court costs by placing them on payment plans, or even waiving some or all of the fine. It's common for a judge to ask a defendant what he or she could pay today, and what they could pay to the court over a period of six months to a year. You risk incurring additional fines and costs by not contacting the court and offering to work out a payment plan.
Yes. According to the U.S. Supreme Court case Terry v. Ohio, an officer is allowed to conduct a warrantless search of a person so long as the officer can point to specific facts, when taken together with rational inferences from those facts, reasonably warrant their actions.
In other words, if an officer witnesses unusual conduct leading them to believe that criminal activity may be underfoot, or that you may be dangerous or may be carrying a weapon, they can search you without a warrant.
In order to have a valid claim against the store in which you were injured, you would first have to show their negligence as to the glass on the shelf. Stores generally have a duty to those they invite onto their property for the purposes of doing business. If the glass existed for a long-enough time that employees of the store knew or should have know of its presence, then the store violated its duty.
However, and most importantly to you, in order for a court to find them in violation...
The 'time limit' you refer to is called a statute of limitations. Its highly advisable that you check with an experienced Illinois-based personal injury attorney, (I am not licensed in Ohio) but it appears (based on some quick Googling) that the statute of limitations in Illinois is two years from the date of the injury.
You should consult with an experienced personal injury attorney in your area to explore action against the employee and the employer. Security staff should be professional, courteous, and should use force only when the situation calls for it. Excessive force is almost never tolerated. Search for a personal injury attorney in your area so you can protect your rights and receive compensation for your medical bills, pain, and suffering.
No. Slander, by definition, is spoken defamation, whereas libel is written defamation. Truth, however, is an absolute defense to a defamation action. So if you were commenting on what actually happened, you have no cause for concern.
You're being sued by the insurance company because the landlord's insurance company paid to have the area repaired. They are asserting their right to seek recovery from the party that caused the damage.
You need to consult with an attorney to defend the lawsuit, because if you don't, you risk having a default judgment entered against you for the full value of what the insurance company is asserting.
If you feel you are entitled to monetary compensation, file the case yourself in your local small claims court. Cases in small claims court are for money damages only, with a cap of $3,000. Small claims courts are informal, there is no jury. Cases are tried by a magistrate. Court costs are low - many courts have a filing fee of only $50.
More information, including how to file a small claims complaint, is available online from the Ohio Supreme Court here (.pdf): http://www....
If the company owes you $25 dollars worth of wages, and you voluntarily quit their employment, it appears your damages are $25. They would be unjustly enriched if they kept the $25 they owe you for one day's work.
Your best bet is to write the company a letter explaining the situation and demanding they cut you a check for $25. Filing a lawsuit against them for $25 in small claims court would not be worth your time and your money (as filing fees are generally a couple of hundred dollars).