Yes, you can make a claim and you should have an attorney represent you in the process. Do not rely on just an ER visit. You should consider a consultation with an ophthalmologist (eye specialist) to be sure that your eye injury is properly treated.
A partition action allows your husband to force the sale of the property. If the siblings want to stay in the house they will have to buy out his interest. Consult a real estate litigation attorney for this type of case.
The debt collector's attorney will probably go through the steps to get a court order for him to appear for the deposition and if he does not show up, they will issue a warrant for his arrest. He should consult a bankruptcy attorney to determine if he is a candidate for bankruptcy.
You can probably find someone that will work for the fee offered. I suspect that you will have difficulty finding a board certified attorney that will agree to that unless your injury case has huge value.
You should have been served with a copy of the petition for writ of garnishment. You would have had the opportunity to let the court know if you qualify for an exemption. You need to contact an attorney asap, or go to the courthouse and review the file. if you contact an attorney, have the case number available for them to review the court docket online.
If the you file suit against the person and they file for bankruptcy protection they may not have to answer the lawsuit. They can file a suggestion of bankruptcy in your lawsuit which will most likely stop the lawsuit until the bankruptcy is over or when you obtain relief from the bankruptcy stay. You have to ask the bankruptcy court for relief from stay before you can continue with the lawsuit.
Contact a landlord-tenant attorney immediately to address your rights under the lease. The attorney will probably have to review the lease. Florida has strict liability for dog bites. Posting Bad Dog signs helps and the landlord will probably have some liability but you will probably get sued along with the landlord in any dog bite claim.