Your question hinges on what you mean that the "search warrant was done illegally". Also, were you convicted of these charges or are they pending? Either way an attorney will be able to challenge the sufficiency of the warrant, and possibly have the search rendered illegal. If it's the "evidence" you want back, and it is contraband it won't be returned to you either way.
If you reference the explanation of the AVVO rating, they make it clear the rating is done by way of a math equation. There is no subjectivity beyond that equation. Also, the free use of the AVVO is meant to help maintain it's impartiality when evaluating lawyers.
The laws of your state may differ, but if it is similar to Florida it doesn't matter if you were driving, sitting, or cleaning you car. As for what they can charge you with, it depends on the quantity, how it's packeged, etc. Possibly possession with intent to sell.
Your rates almost certainly will go up. The insurance comapny will run a check whenever you renew your policy. Some companies go by points, others by the charge. Most now though will cancel a policy or raise the premium with a DUI, even on the cleanest driving record.
The possible penalty could be up to one year, depending on the degree of the charge of the probation offense. Also, whether he has pled to the DUI can impact his probation violation sentence. It is best to work these cases together. Depending on the judge involved with the case the amount of time he could realistic received may vary as well.
There is additional information needed to really help with your son's situation. I would suggest consulting with an attorney, or multiple attorneys,...
The stand your ground law isn't as clear cut as you may think. The State can still pursue the charge even if you claim stand your ground unless the judge find the immunity of the law applies. The law is not well settled, so I wouldn't assume you are protected.
I would consult with an attorney that has experience in this area. I offer free consultations, or if you have already retained an attorney consult with him or her on how the immunity could be used to your benefit.
The other responses are correct, each case is unique, so please take my response with that in mind. DUI cases can last for months or in some cases a year or more. As for mitigation letters, it is common to use those early in the process, but if something has recently surfaced it may be appropriate to draft a mitigation letter at any point in the process.
The more important issue seems to be your comfort level. You should be having a conversation with your attorney. If you're not happy...
No, there is no mandate for AA. However, individual courts may assign AA meetings in lieu of, or in addition to other conditions. AA meetings could always be substituted for non-religious based programs that help individuals maintain sobriety.
The time frame would weigh heavily on the outcome. However, there are instances (depending on the facts) where the State will consent to a withdrawal of a please even beyond the time frame. Also, getting your record sealing or expunged may be an option. First thing is to get an attorney to review the facts of your case to determine what the possible options are for you. I provide free consultations for situations just like yours.