Every case is different, but keep two things in mind. Less than 10% of all discharge requests are successful, and you have 15 years to apply. In many cases it is better to wait and increase your chances of success by showing post service accomplishments. I recommend you have one of the lawyers here on AVVO review your discharge packet and give you an opinion as to the likelihood of success at this time.
I have just handled a case like this. The maximum punishment is ten years and a dishonorable discharge, but that doesn't mean that is what the individual would receive. In any case the maximum is just that. If you or someone you know is under suspicion for such an offense do not speak to the police or your command and contact counsel immediately. I am right down the road from you, so feel free to give me a call.
If he has only missed one drill weekend, I seriously doubt there is a warrant for his arrest. He should first contact his unit and find out his status. If there is a warrant he needs to turn himself in to the nearest military installation. I am in GA so he can feel free to call me Monday to discuss.
The science is clear that second hand smoke cannot cause a positive urinalysis. So, if you haven't told anyone that, don't. Don't speak to anyone, and as soon as your command tells you what action they are going to take against you, see your base legal or hire a civilian lawyer.
Go to the base legal office. They can provide an attorney who can assist, although maybe not in court. But they can get temporary support established. By military regulations he is required to support you until there is a court order that says otherwise.
If all you did was send a letter to the DRB, you are still entitled to a personal hearing before the Board. You should strongly consider retaining counsel to do this. But understand that the current backlog at the AFDRB is about two years. And it is always difficult to upgrade a drug charge, especially in the USAF. If there was a positive urinalysis and a confession, you are in for an uphill battle. Further, even an upgrade to Honorable does not mean you will be able to get back in. The...
Given your years of service, you have the right to an administrative hearing to determine if you should be discharged and, if so, what type of discharge you can get. Without more facts it is impossible to give odds as to whether you will be retained. Even then, it is impossible to predict what a board of officers will do. Your best bet is to put forth the best defense you can. You will be provided a TDS attorney to represent you and you can retain civilian counsel as well. If you would like...
This isn't a military law question (which deal with courts-martial and the like) so you might want to post in the consumer law section. My recommendation is that he see the Legal Assistance Officer where he is stationed. She can't sell the car because the title is in his name (I assume.) But I don't know if there is any way to require her to ship it over. You also might want to consult an attorney in Washington who handles consumer matters.