This is a very complicated situation, and I agree with my colleague that the sooner you hire and attorney, the better. I would not miss the interview, but I would want you to go with representation so your case is explained in the clearest way possible. It is extremely likely that the interview won't proceed as planned, but it will look better for you if you don't just skip out of the interview.
You may be able to. The Atlanta Field Office has granted citizenship for people who voted without understanding that it was illegal for them to do so. A lot depends on the circumstances and the type of proof you have to show you did not have a malicious intent. Schedule an appointment with a local attorney, bring the original N-400 denial, and maybe something good can be done.
No - I'm sorry. Once you have a green card, you might be able to. But, just with DACA I don't think the military will accept you. Thank you, though, for wanting to serve - when you are enlisted, we will be lucky to have you!
Why do you need healthcare for 2013? If this related to the Affordable Health Care Act? Make sure you truly need it before you purchase anything - the regulations in this area seem to be changing pretty quickly.
Generally, if the person applying for citizenship (not the kids not the spouse) has applied for a public benefit, like Medicaid, it could be an issue for naturalization. If would be better if you could obtain citizenship before getting Medicaid,
No, that's not too long (at least not for USCIS, but I know you'd like an answer soon!). Four months is the average, so that means 1/2 of the cases take longer than that. Recently, USCIS transferred some cases between offices, so I'm hopeful that more cases will be decided in a more efficient manner. If it gets to be over six months, you may want to contact an attorney to see what your options are for inquiring about your case.
Since you are a LPR, the wait for your soon-to-be-spouse to get an immigrant visa will not be fast. But, you may start the paperwork to bring her here. If you become a U.S. citizen, the wait for her will be greatly reduced. When the time comes, you'll want to hire an experienced immigration attorney to assist you.
It depends. Generally, it takes 90 days from the time of filing. However, there are some types of applications where the work card will only be approved if the underlying case is approved - such as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or U status.
Yes, you can ask that your case be referred to court. You'll need to do it proactively since the immigration systems aren't good enough to automatically have your asylum case come back to life when your current status expires. To do it, you'll want to contact the asylum office that has jurisdiction over you.
A copy of your I-589 receipt should be sufficient. In regards to your current status, you could put a myriad of things such as: "overstay" or "expired OPT." Truly, though, if you're struggling with putting together your application, you may want to hire an immigration attorney to make sure everything gets done correctly.
You can, if you're eligible. You can file 4 years 9 month after obtaining LPR status - but if you obtained your LPR status through a marriage (and you are still married to the same person), you need only wait 2 years and 9 months. In all likelihood you won't have your application processed before your green card expires, though.