Yes. If you live and work in the US - you should pay taxes. The felony one attains from criminal activity is an indication that the person chose to waive those rights by committing the felony. Taxation here is legal where the government did not take away any representation. The Defendant chose to lose the right.
It is up to the sentencing judge. You certainly try to compare your sentence range to another similar case, but really I would argue the 3553a factors before I would compare your case to another. Comparisons and policy arguments are among the weaker sort when compared to the facts of the specific case. What does your attorney say?
As Mr. Solis said, you can always hire you own, but the Public defender is assigned. I am really surprised that you would think race would afford a better criminal defense. I know many of the Public Defenders in Wake County, and there are no slackers there.
18 U.S. Code § 2381 - Treason - Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason and shall suffer death, or shall be imprisoned not less than five years and fined under this title but not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.
So, under your facts, probably not. (Unless the facts of your personal...
If the warrant is outstanding and not served yet, the person is not yet a fugitive. If the person escaped from custody after the warrant was executed, that is fugitive status. The police start immediately to search for those with outstanding warrants. There is no time limit to execute an outstanding warrant. Turning oneself in, even under these circumstances does help their case. Avoiding arrest can be construed against them though. Get them to an attorney quick.