It might be.
Some states have laws about releasing the ID of an informant, because it puts them in danger.
There can be certain restrictions on the First Amendment.
Google Justice Holmes and his opinions, including about yelling Fire in a crowded theater. In fact there's an excellent, relatively new book analyzing Holmes's First Amendment jurisprudence. That could also be an good way to occupy your time.
Difficult to say. The military is downsizing. Even the NG. So they are recruiting less, including less prior service people. Talk to the recruiter and explain the circumstances. You can also seek to upgrade the discharge and change the re code.
Whether or not the person is considered "fit" to proceed to the next training AIT, is a command decision. That's not something one drill sergeant has control over. The Army has invested money in your son and made a decision to allow him in at a time of reduced manning.
In my view he doesn't qualify for a failure to adapt if that is the sole reason they want to separate him. The Army has already agreed that no matter how much effort he puts in, his physical inability won't change. Again,...
You can request separation and state the reason. It does not have to be granted.
You might be able to petition for a correction of records if there is some discrepancy with your contract and other records.
Yes, a reason for joining the military is to gain education benefits. However, not all such benefits accrue until after you have completed any contract and being honorably discharged.
So as Mr. Rafter indicates, not enough facts.
Mr. R. is correct that - like it or not - you need to surrender from your (apparently) multiple AWOL and missing movement. It seems you are making matters worse.
As to not letting you talk to a JAG: that means that nothing you said to them should be used in a prosecution if you can establish you asked for and were denied counsel when being questioned about your AWOL status.
It is correct that not all AWOL's are discharged at Fort Sill/Knox. There are times when the person is returned to...
Go the the Legal Assistance Office at the Staff Judge Advocate Office on post at Fort Bragg.
They will give free initial advice and may help with some of the papers.
They deal with this issue all the time. Both the member and a "dependent' of the member are entitled to those free legal services.
I'm not sure if the LO at Bragg also has a program through the ABA/State of NC for an exception to representation in court, some states do.