It sounds like there MIGHT be an issue of service connected injury. Would need to know a lot more facts.
It does sound odd that they did not do a Medical Evaluation Board.
His DD214 is the document he needs to go to the VA regarding medical care, assuming they gave him and honorable discharge.
You need to talk with a lawyer who is familiar with military law, VA entitlements, and Records Correction issues.
1. The military is allowed to prosecute you at court-martial for the same charges. There is no double jeopardy because this was a state prosecution, now this is a military (federal) prosecution.
2. It sounds like you may have a defense.
3. Normally this might be a situation where it is best to refuse Article 15 and ask for a court-martial. However, that's a decision you should make after all the facts are properly evaluated by a lawyer.
4. Make an appointment with TDS to talk with one...
Yes they can.
They do not need a conviction to process you for a "serious offense."
If they try to give you an OTH you should contest that at a board hearing -- talk to TDS at Fort Carson.
If they try to give a GD, then you only have the right to submit written rebuttals, again talk to TDS at Fort Carson.
In the Navy adultery is considered an offense under Article 134, UCMJ. However, in the late 1990's they changed the "policy" on who would or wouldn't be prosecuted at court-martial or in an administrative disciplinary hearing.
Now the factors to consider are what effect if any is there on good order and discipline are is the situation "service discrediting." What that generally means is that the military is most concerned with situations where the people work together or in a supervisory...
No, this would be a fraudulent enlistment prosecuted under Article 94, UCMJ, if discovered.
ADD and associated treatment can a disqualifying condition unless it "resolved" before age 12, and /or you have not been on medication for 12 months prior to enlistment.
He can submit a request for extended leave, or potentially a humanitarian re-deployment. However, this is rarely granted in his situation. The circumstances for you at home would have to be very extraordinary and well documented for him to have a chance. Absent the extraordinary nature of the medical concerns they would view his request along the lines of "lots of people have family problems, why is yours different."
You have to put in a request. It is up to the discretion of the command whether or not they will let you revoke your waiver. Get with military defense counsel ASAP. Somewhere in your notication letter it says that.
They can testify.
There may be issues about credibility, especially if there is evidence of "planting drugs."
Get a good criminal defense lawyer from that area. It's quite possible H/she knows the officer and his history if they do a lot of drug cases in town.