First, take pictures of your car's tail lights/brake light to prove the are in good working order. Read the statutes on tail lights, brake lights ect. to make sure the officer understood the law properly.
The you need to find out whether the officer in question has functioning video or audio equipment in his cruiser. Many cruisers do not have them. You can do a FOIA request to the officer's substation or area to find out whether his cruiser has equipment. If the officer does has any...
There are a couple different drug crimes: 1) Possession of drugs without a valid prescription and 2) prescription fraud.
Presumably they can prove that you are in possession of narcotics so the hard part will be proving your prescription is invalid. A prescription can be invalid even if it is from a real doctor if the doctor is abusing his position in handing out the prescriptions. In those cases the state has to prove that you should have know that the doctor's prescription is bogus. For...
It appears the the issue in your case is
1) Did the officer have justification to search the trunk? and
2) Does the driver of a car possess unknown items in the trunk when they do not own the car?
The smell of marijuana is often used as justification to search a car with mixed success depending on the judge and the strength of the officers testimony. However, even if the office smelled marijuana in the car does that give him reason to believe there is anything illegal in the trunk?...
Talk to a local Criminal Defense attorney immediately.
There are a few things to talk to them about:
1) If you are not a US citizen this could get you deported. Discuss your immigration status openly
2) Many jurisdiction have programs where you do community service or enter into a program and after successful completion the charges are dropped. Talk to your attorney about the availability of those program, the requirements to get in, and the affects they will have on your record.
In Virginia the vehicle must either be on OR the key in the ignition and either the electrical or mechanical systems engaged. There is a lot of case law on this subject and it is a very technical issue that not all lawyers, cops, or judges understand perfectly.
Recently the Virginia Supreme Court has updated the law in this regards and if the officer can prove the the electrical system (i.e. the car stereo) is on and there is no proof of where the keys were you could potentially be "...
You need to post this question for a Maryland attorney because Maryland law will determine whether your prior can be used.
I would point out that MD cannot suspend your Va license for a DUI conviction in MD; however, soon after conviction, Va DMV will be alerted to the conviction and if you are convicted of DUI, Va DMV will administratively suspend your license for one year.
Sometimes this does not happen because of bureaucratic mistakes but it should be expected.
It is required that you be notified of your suspension before you can be convicted. The prosecution will attempt to prove this through admissions of guilt to the police officer, by official notifications sent by mail from the DMV to the address on your license, and by documents signed by the defendant at court.
In your case, official notifications sound like the most likely possibility. Get a copy of your DMV record and look for the suspension paragraph and look for notification.
You are more likely to make bail quickly and with a lower bond if you: 1) turn yourself in. 2) Turn yourself in with an attorney's assistance. 3) If you have a bail bonds men standing by.
Depending on the reasons for the arrest warrant and whether you are on probation you may or may not get urine testing if you turn yourself in.
Whether to wait, how long to wait, ect depends on a lot of information not provided.
Luke J Nichols
Spectrum Legal Defense
Virginia will not issue a Va license if you are suspended out of state. However, I am not sure what you can do about the NC issues. Your question was posted under "Virginia" re-post it under NC and see if a NC attorney can help you.
There are several issues with your case. I do many dwi here in Virginia and would be happy to talk to you about your case. Contact me and I'll answer any questions you have.
Luke J Nichols
Spectrum Legal Defense