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Theodore W. Robinson

Theodore Robinson’s Legal Guides

239 total


  • How To Impeach A Witness On The Witness Stand - Pt 4

    The next thing to do when impeaching a witness is to lead them down one line of questioning just to the point that you're going to ask that most important question. Of course, the witness often knows where you're going and is already preparing himself at that point to maintain h...

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  • HOW TO IMPEACH A WITNESS ON THE WITNESS STAND - Pt 5

    Another way to impeach a witness is to ask them whether their recollection is better closer in time to the incident about which they're testifying or further away in time. Of course, they will undoubtedly say closer in time. That's the preparation for later impeachment. You on...

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  • HOW TO IMPEACH A WITNESS ON THE WITNESS STAND - Pt 6

    Once you have a witness impeached in front of a jury and you can see they are rattled by your cross-examination of them, then its time to take advantage of the situation and confront them with other things they haven't testified to on direct examination. This is very effective, e...

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  • How To Impeach A Witness On The Witness Stand - Pt 7

    You can also impeach a witness by asking them about their prior convictions. If those convictions bear upon that witnesses credibility, then they are a good place to start your questioning. It will immediately throw that witness on the defensive and make everything else they sa...

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  • HOW TO IMPEACH A WITNESS ON THE WITNESS STAND - PT. 8

    You can also use the underlying "bad acts" of a prior conviction and even if the person wasn't convicted of that specific crime, you may still be able impeach them with the underlying act itself. To do this, you must have a good faith belief that they, in fact, did the bad act...

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  • THE DIFFERENCE IN HOW YOUR CRIMINAL CASE IS HANDLED WHEN YOU REACH 16

    There is a big difference between age 15 and 16 and how your criminal case is handled. Up to the age of 16, if you are arrested for a criminal matter, your case is handled in Family Court. However, once you reach age 16, your case goes to criminal court in New York state. That...

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  • YOUTHFUL OFFENDER STATUS AND WHAT IT MEANS IN NEW YORK

    Youthful Offender means anyone who commits a crime while still under the age of 19 years of age. In those situations, a judge can and will set aside a conviction for most crimes on the basis that the defendant was under 19 at the time of the offense. That doesn't mean the defenda...

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  • RECORDING CONVERSATIONS DOES NOT REQUIRE CONSENT IF YOU ARE A PARTY TO IT

    While many states require consent to record a conversation you have with someone else, in New York state, as long as you are a party to the converstation, you may safely record it for future use. This can be very helpful when you are involved in any type of litigation with anothe...

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  • What Happens If I Violate My Probation?

    If you are placed on Probation in New York, the Judge will issue you an Order which sets forth the requirements you must meet and the Probation Department will enforce them. If you fail to abide by the Judge's Order, then the Probation Officer, PO, will violate your terms of Pro...

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  • How Much Time Do I Serve On An "a" Misdemeanor In New York?

    If you are convicted of an "A" Misdemeanor in New York state, you can serve up to 1 year in jail, 3 years on Probation or be fined a maximum of $1000. However, its important to remember that you get 1/3 off for good behavior in the county jail so that means you only serve 8 mont...

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