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Theodore W. Robinson

Theodore Robinson’s Legal Guides

239 total


  • Can You Explain The Various Sexual Crimes in New York? Part 1 - Definitions

    Before we go into the various Sexual crimes, its important to first know the various definitions that apply to those crimes. Here are the basic definitions. Sexual predator: A Sexual predator is defined as an offender who is convicted of a sexually violent offense and the court d...

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  • Sexual Crimes in New York - Part 2 - Violent Rape

    There are two basic types of rape in New York. There is 1st degree rape which is defined as vaginal intercourse which is done by force or threat of force. It must include actual penetration of the vagina by the penis, but does not require ejaculation or any other type of comp...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 9 - Additional Observers

    You may also want to have someone else sitting in the gallery watching the prospective jurors for expressions, attitudes and other things that they don't know are being seen from a different perspective. Many times a potential juror will grimace or make a gesture which they think...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 8

    One more thing to remember is in an important case, you may prepare in advance a series of questions in an independent questionnaire and ask the Judge to administer it to the potential jurors before they enter the courtroom. In situations such as this, the Judge will often reject...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 7 - More Strategies

    Another strategy to remember is if you especially like a particular juror after the DA has questioned him/her, stay away from them. That way, you don't give them any further chance to expose their obvious prejudice towards your client or his/her case. Simply do not pay any furthe...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 6 - More Strategies

    Another important thing to do is use the jurors themselves to prove your point - if they are available. For example: In a recent trial, I knew I was going to have to attack the police and how they conducted their investigation of an attempted murder case. All of the written state...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 5 - Strategies

    Most times, it's important to expose the strengths and weaknesses in your case as early as possible so you can evaluate the responses of the potential jurors ahead of presenting your case. This is an extremely valuable strategy - if it can be done without tipping your adversary o...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 4 - The Process

    When the Judge first receives both adversaries, they usually hold a short conference in the Judge's chambers to familiarize both parties with the manner in which the Judge intends to proceed with jury selection. At that time, the Judge will usually explain exactly how he/she int...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 3 - Peremptory Challenges

    When you cannot challenge a prospective juror for legitimate good cause, then you have a certain number of peremptory challenges that you may use at almost any time to eliminate a prospective juror from your panel. We say "almost" because neither party may legitimately eliminate ...

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  • Some Helpful Hints About Choosing a Jury in a Criminal Trial in NY - Part 2 - Challenges for Cause

    There are a couple of basic types of challenges to each prospective juror you can use to eliminate anyone you don't want on your jury. First, there are challenges for cause. If a juror says they already have made their mind up about the Defendant or the prosecution and nothing an...

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